Fabric mask: use and care instructions

Wash before use

A fabric mask is not like a surgical or FFP2 mask, but used properly, it can help to reduce the risk of transmission of the virus by protecting the wearer from drops of saliva coming from people around and also by protecting people the wearer will meet. (Don’t forget some persons can be infected and not show symptoms but still can be contagious for others). The mask also helps preventing the wearer from touching his face. It is then useful for a domestic use and can be worn a few hours, for example to run errands.

This mask does not replace the measures of social distancing, hand washing etc…

Place the mask high on the nose bridge (it should not ‘fall down’ the tip of the nose) and open it until it goes slightly under the chin. Ideally the ‘hollow’ of the fold should be downwards to unfold the mask easily. This mask is reversible but it is important to be aware of the outer side because it’s the side exposed to external contamination. Don’t consider the inner side (in contact with your face) is clean though because you can be infected and not show symptoms, hence the importance of handling the mask carefully and washing hands before and after use.

Once the mask is placed and while using it, don’t touch it because the external side will possibly be contaminated.

To remove it, only touch the elastic bands, making sure you don’t touch the fabric. Iron it using max temperature for a few minutes each side, without ironing the elastic bands to avoid damaging them, to ‘decontaminate’ it. Wash it regularly with warm water and soap and avoid using the washing machine at hot temperature or the elastic bands won’t last long. Some advise 60° washing machine programs but other experts say the virus is altered by the use of soap/detergent without using hot temperature. Ironing at max temperature for more safety is a good addition to the washing measures.

COVID 19 – Make your own fabric mask with or without sewing machine – very easy

You need:

  • cotton fabric (like bed sheet, pillowcase, old shirt, table cloth)
  • sewing thin elastic band (17-19 cm per side, check on your face) or shoe lace, ribbon to make tie bands
  • thread, needles
  • paper or cardboard
  1. Cut 13 x 22cm rectangle (woman size) or 14 x 22 rectangle (man size) in paper or cardboard to make your pattern
  2. Use the pattern to cut 3 rectangles of fabric

3. Pin together the 3 layers, right sides together

4. Sew along the long sides of the rectangles at 5mm and then cut at 2-3mm to remove excess

5. Turn right side out

6. Prepare the short sides of the rectangles to place the elastic bands by folding in a little the edges and pin the elastic bands (leave 4-5mm in)

7. Create a fold in the middle so the short side is about 9 cm

8. Sew along the short sides making sure the elastic bands are secure in the seam and setting the fold. (If you are not using a sewing machine, it may be easier to secure the elastic bands and sew along first and then do a few stitches for the fold)

Done! Now check the Use and Care Instructions

Hyaluronic acid fillers

With years, skin looses its moisture and becomes thinner. Lines and wrinkles start to settle. Hyaluronic acid injections can help smoothing them without surgery.

What is hyaluronic acid?

Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in the body. Like a sponge, it absorbs water and maintain the skin deep layers hydrated. It’s possible to inject this molecule as a gel to give volume and plump the skin or smooth wrinkles. The hyaluronic acid will mix with the one contained in the body and will progressively resorb. It is advised to have regular injections done, between  3 and 12 months depending  on patients and area treated. Reversibility is an advantage compared to the permanent effect of a cosmetic surgery.

What can we treat?

The most common treatments concern the naso-labial and marionette lines around the mouth. It’s also possible to reshape the lips or give them more definition, or contour the face and add volume on the cheekbones but also sharpen a jawline or enhance a chin.

The treatment in itself

Most of product contain local anesthetic but some don’t. A numbing cream can be applied before to improve the comfort during the injection. The procedure is quite quick, beetween 15 and 30 minutes depending on which areas are treated. A massage of the area will be performed to make sure the product is well placed.

Cost

From £350 per syringe

The results

They are visible instantly but the the effects are optimum about 2-3 weeks after the injection when the body integrates the molecule and pumps water. The treated area may swell for a few days, bruise or present redness, but you can apply make up while everything is getting back into order. Depending on people, their metabolism and their personal habits (cigarette, sun exposure, physical activity), injections have to be repeated every 3 to 12 months.

Contra-indications

There are very few as the molecule is naturally present in the body, the risk of allergy is extremely low. Injections should be avoided when pregnant or breastfeeding.

Protecting permanent teeth with Fissure sealants

french-dentist-children-londonSee full article in L’Echo Magazine: Londres version française, April-May 2017, page 45 by Francine Joyce.

Fissure sealants are prevention treatments for permanent teeth, treating mostly molars and premolars for children from age 6. Brushing is often difficult due to the lack of access. These sealants protect the natural grooves on the chewing surface of the teeth (80% of tooth decays start in these grooves/fissures for children), brushing is made easier as the retention of food debris is reduced and they often contain fluoride to reinforce the protection.

The procedure is simple, quick and painless: only a few minutes per tooth including the clean of the fissures, preparation of the surface with an acidic gel and the application of the fluid resin which will be light-cured to set instantly.

It’s very important to have them checked regularly, they can last for years but sometimes need replacement.

 

 

Why a sensitive toothpaste may help

Teeth sensitivity can be related to numerous factors (tooth decay, inflammation of dental pulp, gum recession, loss of enamel…). The first thing to do is to book a consultation with your dentist to identify the cause and make a treatment plan.

When the layer of enamel is affected or when the gums recede, the use of sensitive toothpaste may help to reduce the sensitivity. The little canals that transmit the nervous impulse can be exposed. Sensitive toothpastes usually have 2 main mechanisms of action

1) A mechanical and mineralizing action by obturation of these canals (strontium salt, fluoride combined with other ions)

2) A neutralizing action by deactivation of the nervous impulse (potassium salt)

See Dr TL: Sensodyne video

Dermal fillers for smoker lines

FILORGA dermal filler used for the smoker lines (also called barcode lines, they are the vertical wrinkles above the upper lip) , treatment performed at Make Me Feel by Dr TL.

rides-verticales-plisse-soleil-rides-du fumeurrides-verticales-plisse-soleil-rides-du fumeur

The vertical lines are reduced and the volume is more harmonious, which also give the upper lip a nice shape, though the lip itself has not been directly treated. The “after” picture was taken just after the procedure and the skin will smooth out a bit further after a few days.

Dental Prevention Visit at La Petite Ecole Française, North Kensington, London

prevention-bucco-dentaire-enfants-londresDr Thu-Linh ALLAIN NGUYEN, French dentist in London, visited La Petite Ecole Française this month to promote oral health with children aged 5 to 10 years old. They learned how to keep healthy teeth with fun activities and videos. The 3 key-points are:

1) Toothbrushing, at least twice a day, morning and evening under parents supervision

2) A balanced diet, without snacking and with a reasonable amount of sugar to reduce the cavity risk (be careful with the sugary drinks like fruit juice and fizzy drinks)

3) A consultation with the dentist once to twice a year to get them used to the dental examination, for early detection of problems and treatments, and to monitor the growth and eruption of the baby teeth and permanent teeth

6 years-old is a key age for teeth with the eruption of the first permanent teeth, the upper and lower incisors (“front teeth”) after loss of baby teeth but also the first permanent molars, often forgotten because no baby tooth is lost before their appearance at the very back of the mouth. They may get decayed because of difficulty of access when brushing but they can be protected by Fissure sealants (quick and easy painless treatments to facilitate the brushing and add a fluoride protection).

Thu-Linh also works with le Lycée Français Charles de Gaulle de Londres, in particular with l’Ecole André Malraux in Ealing.

dentiste-français-londres-enfants

Bruxism

Bruxism is excessive teeth grinding or jaw clenching with symptoms such as hypersensitive teeth, aching jaw muscles, pain around the temporomandibular joint, headaches, tooth wear, damage to teeth and dental restorations. There are two types of bruxism: sleep bruxism and awake bruxism. People affected by bruxism are not necessarily aware of their condition because  the contraction of the mastication muscles is unconscious.

bruxism-mastication-muscles

 

Some visible signs on the teeth are: abfraction (tooth tissue loss along the gingival margin caused by bio mechanical loading forces), gum recession and attrition (tooth wear with loss of tooth anatomy, flat and shorter teeth).

As the teeth become flatter and shorter, sensitivity may occur: the dental pulp containing the dental nerve is not as well protected by the layers of dentin and enamel tissues.

To prevent damage to the teeth, mouthguards or appliances (splints) are often used. Treatment performed by Dr TL:

grinding-teethnightguard

Bruxism is a complex pathology and should be part of a multidisciplinary care. Injections of Botulinum Toxin (Botox) can partially paralyze the mastication muscles and lessen their ability to forcelly grind and clench while enabling normal activities such as talking and eating. These injections will also allow the dentist to restore the teeth with fillings, crowns, bridges, veneers, putting them less at risk of fracturing. Meet Dr Marie-Hélène Marion to know more about Bruxism et Botulinum Toxin.

Working with osteopaths is also beneficial. Florence Pasteur, Osteopath takes into account the dental factors when treating body posture.